When it comes to protecting our teeth and dental structure, there are several things that we do. This will include brushing twice daily, flossing daily, using mouthwash, visiting a dentist, etc. However, despite following a good dental hygiene, you may still end up suffering from certain dental issues. And the reasons for these dental diseases can include types of food we consume, genetics, health issues, etc. Here in this article, we will take a look at 7 common dental diseases and how to treat them.
1. Dental Caries
Dental caries is an infectious microbiological disease of the teeth. This disease results in the dissolution and disorientation of the dental tissues. It can happen to anybody irrespective of the age, sex, race or geographical location. This dental disease occurs primarily because of fluoride deficiency. Apart from the fluoride deficiency, reduced salivary secretion can also lead to dental caries. Dental caries can be treated with controlled usage of fluoride. If dental caries has reached an advanced stage, it is advisable that you visit a dental clinic in Edmonton. The dentist will determine what type of medication is needed after examining the condition. Often the dentist uses fluorides to remove the infection.
Malalignment of teeth is a disease that is usually caused due to hereditary problems. Malocclusion can also occur because of environmental factors such as trauma or consumption of certain drugs. Having malocclusion can result in premature tooth loss and delaying in the eruption of new permanent teeth in kids. To treat malocclusion, you will have to visit a local dental clinic in Edmonton. The orthodontist can provide you with just the right type of medication to cure malocclusion. Malocclusion can be treated by using braces, removing severely misaligned teeth or reshaping the tooth by a surgical process.
3. Oral Cancer
Oral cancer is one of the most common oral diseases that a person can get. There are several reasons that a person can suffer from oral cancer such as chewing or smoking tobacco, exposure to harmful radiation, pollution, nutritional deficiency, etc. Oral cancer should never be taken lightly as this is a life-threatening disease. Visit the specialist to understand how radiology and chemotherapy can help in curing cancer. Once your oral cancer is cured, make sure that you follow specific guidelines as there is a chance that cancer may regenerate.
4. Dental Fluorosis
Dental fluorosis is a condition in kids that occurs because of the excessive consumption of fluoride. A kid can contract this disease because of excessive consumption of fluoride while drinking water, industrial pollution, excessive fluoride-rich food consumption, poor nutritional diet, etc. When a kid has dental fluorosis, their teeth can get stained. To treat this disease, get in touch with a dental clinic in Edmonton. The treatment options include teeth whitening, bonding, using crowns or veneers, etc. Preventive measures for dental fluorosis include keeping fluoride-rich consumables away from children.
Gingivitis is the diseases of the gums that is caused because of the bacterial infection in your mouth. When food and plaque get accumulated in the space it is known as the sulcus. This accumulation further results in the development of tartar. When this tartar is not removed from the surface of gums, they start loosening the teeth. Some of the contributing factors for gingivitis include chewing and smoking tobacco, diabetes, steroids, contraceptives, genetic factors, etc.
To know if a person has gingivitis or not, always check their gums. Gums that have gingivitis usually are red, tender, or swollen. In gingivitis, the gums usually bleed whenever a person is brushing or flossing. So, if you experience bleeding gums, make it a point to visit a dentist and get yourself treated as soon as possible.
Periodontitis is the gum infection that can severely damage the soft tissue of your teeth and also damage the bone that is responsible for supporting the tooth. A person can understand that their gums have periodontitis when their gums are swollen and puffy. Apart from this, if the gums bleed or you feel tender when you touch them, you should visit a dental clinic in Edmonton. If you have gingivitis and did not treat it at the right time, there is a possibility that your gums can develop periodontitis. Age also plays a crucial factor in having this disease. Smoking and chewing tobacco are some of the other factors that are responsible for a person having periodontitis.
Visiting an orthodontist in Edmonton helps in understanding how you can fight this disease. Also, it is advisable that you maintain a healthy dental hygiene.
7. Advanced Periodontitis
Advanced periodontitis is the phase when the bacteria become more effective and seeps deeper into the gums. When the situation is left untreated, it can lead to bone loss. Advanced periodontitis increases the risk of tooth loss. A person’s gums can become swollen and start oozing. Severe pain while chewing or bad breath are some symptoms of advanced periodontitis. To treat this diseases, you need to visit an emergency dental clinic before the situation worsens.
You should make it a point that you visit your dentist once every six months. This will help you identify if there are oral health issues at an early stage and reduce their effects or prevent them from advancing.